Becker’s Nevus is more common in males and most commonly on the chest, shoulder and upper arms. It is initially flat but may become raised and pigmented and subsequently develop thick coarse hairs.
Birthmark is a lay term for common pigmented nevi and hemangiomata or an overdevelopment of blood vessels that are congenital or hereditary.
Burns are a result of skin tissue damage from excessive heat, electricity, radioactivity, or corrosive chemicals that destroy proteins in the exposed cells.
Cafe au Lait
Cafe au Lait is a single, small or large, round or oval pale brown patch. It may be present at birth in up to 10% of the population.
Connective Tissue Nevi
Connective Tissue Nevi are lesions of dermal elastic fibers and collagen which give rise to nodules and plaque, especially on the upper back.
Contact Dermatitis is an eczema reaction as a result of an external substance. Affecting about 1 in 5 people,contact dermatitis is characterized by red, flaky skin, sometimes with cracks or tiny blisters.
Eczema is often used interchangeably with dermatitis to represent itchy skin. There are a number of different types of Eczema including atopic eczema, varicose eczema, discoid eczema, hand eczema, asteatotic eczema and more.
Epidermal Nevus usually presents at birth or arises within the first decade and may increase in size at puberty. It is well defined brown or yellow raised plaque with a rough warty surface and fissuring.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when an excessive amount of melanin has been deposited in a clump causing a brown lesion on the skin.
Hypopigmentation is the loss of skin color caused by melanocyte depletion — a decrease in the amino acid tyrosine which is used by melanocytes to make melanin.
Keloids are red, raised and firm scars with a smooth shiny surface. These often tender nodules can complicate minor acne and are more common in dark skin types.
Lupus Erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disorder which often involves the skin and is associated with some degree of photosensitivity.
Melasma, often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” is a tan to dark discoloration of facial skin of unknown causes.
Pigmentation refers to coloration of the skin.
Port Wine Stain
Port Wine Stain is a lesion present at birth that is usually a purple permanent stain that varies in size.
Rosacea is characterized by papules and pustules that occur on the face, often associated with flushing. Rosacea is common in both sexes and can appear at any time.
Scar is used to denote a healed but still visible mark of injury of any sort.
Spider Nevi looks like a spider with radiating legs extending out from a central red body. Found on upper cheeks, nose, and eye areas.
The permanent insertion of ink or other pigments below the skin using a sharp instrument.
Vitiligo is an acquired destruction of melanocytes resulting in white patches on the skin. Vitiligo may occur at any age, though about 50% present before the age of 20. The patches are completely de-pigmented and appear totally white. It may occur anywhere on the body, including around the mouth, nose and eyes. It may also occur on the elbows, knees, front of the shins, back of the hands and feet.